Jack Bonner: A Pivot Back to Manned Space Exploration?

Jack Bonner has long been obsessed with space and space explorations. He grew up watching rocket launches on TV and wanted to become an astronaut. Even if his career took a different path, his love for all things related to space remains strong. This is the reason Jack Bonner A2W wants to share news and opinions about space exploration on his blog – he plans to inspire a new generation of intrepid space travelers and scientists.

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Except for the International Space Station, human beings have a very limited presence in space. In recent years, NASA has de-emphasized the role of manned missions to outer space, choosing to focus on unmanned missions instead. However, Jack Bonner and other space enthusiasts believe that there is no substitute for the human brain when it comes to making observations and running tests in space. This is why he is cautiously excited about recent government announcements that suggest a shift back to manned space flight.

One such speech, delivered by Vice President Mike Pence, specifically called for NASA to regain the lead in exploring outer space, starting with resuming manned flights to the moon and laying the groundwork for manned explorations of Mars and other parts of the solar system. Doing so, Vice President Pence said, would restore the United States’ primacy among space-faring nations and will kick off research efforts that could develop technologies to improve the quality of life in space as well as on earth.

These statements might sound inspiring. However, Jack Bonner believes that the government has not yet begun these efforts in earnest. While there has been a push in Congress to force NASA into allocating its funds to manned flights, scientists are alarmed that these efforts might affect other NASA initiatives, such as research on climate change and remote imaging of stars, nebulae, and exoplanets.

Image Source: NASA

Jack Bonner A2W also believes that nothing is set in stone unless NASA and other agencies put together a concrete timeline for resuming manned space travel. In addition, recent cuts to NASA’s budget have given scientists reason to be skeptical about the possibility of future exploration with humans. For instance, over $350 million was cut from the budget that supported the Orion spacecraft and the International Space Station.

It is possible that, to save money, the government may ask private operators to step in. Elon Musk’s SpaceX, for instance, has already tested and deployed its Falcon 9 rocket, which can be used more than once. The rocket has been proven capable of deploying satellites into orbit, and it’s not far-fetched that they can also be used to ferry humans to space and back to earth. Thus, Jack Bonner still believes that—budget cuts notwithstanding—there is still reason to be optimistic about the return of manned space travel.


Jack Bonner: Exploring from Mars to the Stars

Jack Bonner believes that space exploration is responsible for a host of technological advancements on earth, from the development of new materials to a better understanding of space’s effects on life. Even if humanity is not yet ready to conduct manned expeditions to nearby planets, it is possible for humans to travel beyond the solar system in the distant future. Today, Jack Bonner A2W discusses some of the issues that humanity will encounter in its journey to the stars.

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Space exploration is done for a variety of reasons – to get a better idea of Earth’s place in the cosmos, to determine the effects of space radiation on human health, or to exploit potential space resources for human profit. However, for most fans of space exploration, such as Jack Bonner, all of these efforts are useless if they do not culminate in manned space travel to neighboring planets and beyond.

Contrary to TV shows and comic books that portray outer-space colonies like their counterparts on Earth, human settlements on other planets will look a lot different. For one, to save time and cost, dwellings and buildings on a planet like Mars will probably be constructed from materials that are already available on the planet itself. Martian soil will serve as a natural protection from the type of cosmic radiation that the Red Planet receives. While humans will be able to terraform Mars, it is a process that could take hundreds of years and thousands of advancements in technology.

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Such a colony will also encounter other sorts of problems that would ring a bell to Earth-bound humans. Colonists will debate over the form of government that will rule over Mars, and it is likely that Earth’s most powerful and influential nations would want a share of the Martian pie. Will Mars be able to isolate itself enough from the wars and conflicts on the home planet? Jack Bonner believes that it is not just a possibility, but a necessity – Mars and its people should be given autonomy after a period of “hand-holding” from the United Nations or whatever is in its place centuries from now.

Human beings have also evolved much during their stay on Earth, developing language, philosophy, science, and religion, aside from encountering changes in their exterior appearance. Jack Bonner wonders about the sort of evolution humans are likely to encounter on another planet – their lungs’ oxygen-storage capacity could increase tenfold, and their voice boxes could thicken, thus changing speech patterns and the way people communicate.

While the problems posed by interplanetary travel are daunting, Jack Bonner believes that humanity will find a way to solve them, just like it has solved both scientific and philosophical problems on Earth.


Jack Bonner A2W Space Blog: SpaceX’s Falcon 9 Deploys a Satellite

Jack Bonner is obsessed with space exploration, rockets, and satellites. He has visited Cape Canaveral both as a kid and as an adult, and those visits have fueled his love for space even more. He dreams of a future when humans have successfully colonized space and can move around the solar system with ease. Jack Bonner believes that private sector groups, such as SpaceX, should take the lead in innovating space travel and its applications.

Image Source: SpaceX

In a previous blog, Jack Bonner A2W wrote about Elon Musk’s SpaceX and its Falcon 9 rocket. The Falcon 9 is a novel concept in that it recaptures rockets after they have been launched. Unlike previous space programs, where rockets were left to burn up in the atmosphere upon re-entry, Falcon 9 rockets can withstand the intense heat. With the help of more advanced electronics and communication platforms, SpaceX’s scientists are able to land Falcon 9 rockets with a high degree of precision.

The Falcon 9 has long been a subject of speculation. In September 2016, one of SpaceX’s rockets blew up on the launchpad, halting further launches for the next few months. The explosion also destroyed a communications satellite that the rocket was supposed to deploy. However, SpaceX continued improving their rockets’ propulsion technology and kept working on a self-learning computer platform that performed periodic screening on the rocket’s individual components.

In early July, SpaceX was supposed to launch a communications satellite using a Falcon9 rocket. However, the first attempt was halted with nine seconds left on the countdown clock as the company’s computers detected an unrevealed abnormality with the rocket. A second attempt, set to take place the following day, was also aborted, forcing SpaceX to call in all hands in an effort to clear all launch pad and rocket systems.

Image Source: NASA

SpaceX successfully launched a Falcon 9 rocket on July 5th. SpaceX did not encounter any issues; thus, the rocket was able to deploy a communications satellite into orbit. Because the satellite was so heavy, the Falcon 9 was forced to go full throttle to provide enough thrust for the satellite to go into orbit. As a result, SpaceX is unable to recover the rocket.

However, this launch proves that its business and scientific models are feasible. It also proves that commercial operators might be able to launch satellites at a lower cost due to the re-use of Falcon 9 rockets.


Jack Bonner A2W Space Blog: Exploring Mars, From Pathfinder to Curiosity

Jack Bonner has long been a fan of space and space exploration. When he was a little boy, he drew comics about a fictional planet that was colonized by humans. While the prospect of humans setting foot on other planets still seems remote, NASA has managed to send a series of probes to Mars, giving scientists more information about the Red Planet and its potential for human inhabitation. While Jack Bonner thinks a lot of progress has been made in this regard over the past twenty years, there is still much to be learned about Earth’s next-door neighbor.

Image Source: NASA

On the Fourth of July this year, NASA commemorated the 20th anniversary of the first unmanned mission to Mars. Jack Bonner, who had been obsessed with space exploration since he was a kid, was fortunate enough to have witnessed the first touchdown of Pathfinder on the Red Planet. While the mission lasted just over three months, it was a milestone in the annals of space exploration that paved the way for future missions.

It may be argued that NASA’s Mars missions are designed to gather information for a potential manned mission in the future. Because scientists have long speculated that Mars once held liquid water, the two next missions – Curiosity and Spirit – were launched in 2004 and included instruments that found evidence of an ancient Martian environment that featured wet conditions. The humidity and soil composition of Mars, Jack Bonner argues, indicates that it would’ve been possible for life to have existed on the planet in the past.

Image Source: NASA

The latest mission, a rover named Curiosity, was equipped with more advanced instruments, including an analytical tool that used a laser to vaporize space rocks and determine their composition. Curiosity has so far confirmed the findings of its forerunners Curiosity and Spirit – NASA said in a statement that there are mineral and chemical evidence of habitable environments in the past.

The exploration of Mars is also being done from high above its surface. The Mars Odyssey, launched in 2001, orbits the planet and helps scientists identify sites for exploration. It also serves as a communications hub between Earth and NASA’s rovers on Mars. Another satellite, the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, provides high-resolution images of Mars to help NASA identify potential landing sites for future missions, both manned and unmanned.

Jack Bonner A2W and people like him are always looking forward to receiving more news from the Red Planet. While human colonization of Mars is still a long way ahead, the NASA missions are providing proof that it can be done.


Jack Bonner Blog: Visiting Arizona’s Wave

Jack Bonner is an outdoorsman – the type who’d drop everything he’s doing and go on a hike for days. He’s also a native of Arizona, and because of this, Jack Bonner has explored much of the state, including its mountains, deserts, rock formations, and canyons. Today, he writes about the most striking rock formations that can be found in the state of Arizona.

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As a life-long Arizona resident, I’ve always had a thing for the outdoors. Growing up in the Phoenix area, I could see Camelback Mountain from our kitchen window, and I was just ten years old when Dad started taking me on hikes. I’ve gone on over a thousand hikes and climbs since the first one, and I never seem to get tired of the sights and sounds of the desert and mountains. The rock formations, too, are unlike anything else in the world, and below, I try to describe the best rock formation that I’ve visited in my home state.

The Wave

Don’t let the name fool you – Arizona is land-locked, and the closest sea is nearly 700 miles away. This sandstone rock formation is closer to Utah than it is to Arizona, but is considered one of the state’s foremost landmarks. The wave-like appearance of the Wave comes from the intersection of troughs that were formed through the gradual wind erosion of Jurassic-age sandstone, which is further accentuated by alternating light and dark bands. If you’re lucky, you might also find dinosaur tracks in the sandstone.

But because the sandstone is very old and fragile, the Bureau of Land Management is very strict about letting people into the Wave. Access to the rock formation is granted through a series of lotteries, and only twenty permits are granted each day. So if you’ve been given a permit to visit the Wave, consider yourself a very lucky person.


For more information about the Wave and similar rock formations in Arizona, keep the Jack Bonner at A2W blog in your bookmarks.


Jack Bonner Arizona: Visiting Taliesin West, Arizona’s Most Beautiful Home

Jack Bonner has explored much of Arizona, and everywhere he turns, he sees something worth coming back to. As a lifelong Arizona resident, Jack Bonner is an advocate for tourism in his home state, and has a passion for the state’s natural and man-made wonders. Today, he writes about Taliesin West, one of Arizona’s foremost architectural landmarks.

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Frank Lloyd Wright is one of America’s foremost contributions to modern art, architecture, and design. His buildings, which can be found around the world, are equal parts stately and interesting, forward-looking and organic. His designs range from the imposing Imperial Hotel in Tokyo to the modernist perfection of the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York City. He is also known as an architect who built some of the most iconic residential structures of his time, including the Praire-style Robie House in Chicago and the Maya-inspired Ennis House in Los Angeles.

However, he did some of his best work for himself. His first studio, located in Wisconsin, was named “Taliesin”, and there, he showcased the Prairie School of architecture and its emphasis on emulating the Great Plains and the limestone outcrops of the state. He also built another studio, this time called “Taliesin West”, in Scottsdale, Arizona.

Every part of Taliesin West sought to emphasize the house’s relationship with the desert in which it stood. For instance, the exterior walls of his house-cum-studio were made of desert rocks mounted on wooden forms and connected with raw concrete. He also considered the amount of natural light that Arizona received in the winter; his drafting room, for example, had a roof that was originally made of translucent canvas. His dining room had walls that did not extend all the way to the ceiling to allow natural light to enter.

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Wright was also in his element as an acoustic engineer while he was building Taliesin West. The compound had a separate cabaret theater, which was so finely tuned that someone in the back row can hear someone whispering on the stage.

To read more about Arizona travel destinations, visit the Jack Bonner at A2W blog.


Jack Bonner Space Blog: Are Humans Ready to Colonize TRAPPIST-1?

Jack Bonner has been obsessed with space and space travel since he was a little boy. He used to draw comics about a fictional planet within the Milky Way that was colonized by humans in the year 2119. Today, Jack Bonner writes about the newly-discovered TRAPPIST-1 exoplanet system, and how the planets there could be a destination for human explorers in the future.

Image Source: space.com

It has been firmly established that Earth is not the only planet of its kind in the universe. However, it was previously thought that Earth-like planets are few and far between, with the closest being hundreds to thousands of light-years away. With the discovery of TRAPPIST-1’s planetary system, it now appears that Earth might have similar cousins much closer to home.

NASA had long known that TRAPPIST-1, an ultracool dwarf star just 39 light-years from Earth, had planets orbiting it. Last February, though, they announced that the star actually had seven planets, and that some of these planets are similar to Earth, both in terms of size and amount of energy received from their sun.

What are the implications of this discovery? This could mean that the planets are able to hold liquid water without it evaporating away. With water on the surface, it’s not far-fetched to think that life could develop on those planets, if it hasn’t started developing yet.

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Another implication is the possibility of human exploration and colonization. While 40 light-years are equivalent to almost 1.5 million years’ worth of space-shuttle travel, it’s possible that humans will develop a much faster mode of space travel in the distant future, just in time for them to witness the evolution of life as it starts. TRAPPIST-1 could also be a hospitable destination for human explorers seeking to escape the inevitable death of the sun, which, fortunately, won’t happen until more than five billion years from now.

For more news and updates about space exploration, visit the Jack Bonner at A2W Space Blog.


Jack Bonner Space Blog: SpaceX’s Falcon 9 is for Real

Jack Bonner is a fan of all things related to space and space exploration. He has visited Cape Canaveral several times and each time went home with a deeper understanding of space travel. Today, Jack Bonner writes about the successful relaunch and landing of SpaceX’s Falcon 9 rocket, an event that is likely to have a major impact on the way space travel is being planned and done.

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The entrepreneur extraordinaire-Elon Musk-has pulled a hat trick that will potential fuel a significant in space exploration and travel.

Our big hurdles to further space exploration are just two ones-technology and cost. Bother may about equal significance in chance of significantly our manned robot exploration of space.

Space X is taking a great run at beginning to help with these hurdles-great news for the planet!

Growing up as a kid with a great fascination with spaces and rockets, I knew that space rockets were not meant to be reusable. The first stage contains engines and propellant, while the top stage contains the payload. Because the first stage weighs a lot, it must be discarded to help the top stage get to its destination, and so forth. More often than not, discarded rocket parts go straight into the ocean, which is sadly like buying a brand-new plane, flying it across the sea, and discarding it once it lands.

However, Elon Musk’s Space X has succeeded in relaunching a used rocket, named Falcon 9. And SpaceX’s achievement has some pretty far-reaching effects on the space industry.

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For instance, there are the obvious cost savings. The design and construction of new rockets to be used only once takes billions of dollars, and a reusable rocket will help governments and private clients, such as telecommunications companies, save a lot of money on construction costs. If Elon Musk’s timeline goes according to plan, tomorrow’s rockets could be used between 20 to 30 times, opening up the field to different industry players.

Falcon 9’s proprietary vertical landing capabilities, which had been in testing for the past few years, can also help ferry goods to and from planets like Mars, where the atmosphere is too thin for parachutes. Multiple rockets serving Mars should help humans visit the Red Planet, if not establish a viable colony, in a matter of years.

For more space news and updates, visit the Jack Bonner at A2W Space Blog.


Jack Bonner: Arizona’s Most Famous Tourist Spots

Arizona has always been Jack Bonner’s favorite; so much so that he named one his daughters Arizona! Whether you are planning a quick weekend getaway or a longer vacation, Arizona is home to some of the most scenic places in the United States. Several attractions in Arizona are world-famous, such as the Grand Canyon, Cathedral Rock, Barringer Crater, and Havasu Falls, while other things to see in Arizona are still relatively undiscovered.

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One of the biggest attractions in America, and certainly in the state of Arizona, is the spectacular Grand Canyon. This incredible landscape which was carved out by the Colorado River reveals the power of nature and the wonder it can create. The canyon walls glow a variety of colors in the late afternoon sun, with hues of orange, red, yellow, and all the colors you can think of. Most visitors see the canyon from the South Rim, where there are numerous lookout areas all along the road and walkway running along the canyon’s edge. The North Rim provides a different view altogether, but the road is closed in winter. For those who want a closer look, Jack Bonner says it’s possible to hike down into the Grand Canyon or take a helicopter flight over and through the canyon.

Cathedral Rock, Sedona is one of the most famous landmarks in the U.S. and one of the best places to visit in Arizona. It is located in Yavapai County in the Coconino National Forest. The rock is carved from red sandstone created from sand dunes around the ancient Pedregosa Sea. The elevation of Cathedral Rock’s summit is 4,921 feet, and reaching that summit is the goal of thousands of hikers every year. Named Cathedral Rock Trail, the steep, short ascent starts at the Back O’ Beyond trailhead and climbs all the way to the gaps or saddle points in Cathedral Rock.

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Located on Native American Navajo land east of Page, Arizona, Antelope Canyon is made up of two slot canyons: a slot canyon is a deep and narrow canyon formed by water running through several kinds of rocks including basalt, granite, limestone, and sandstone. The name of the canyon comes from the fact that there used to be many pronghorn antelope living in the canyon. The two canyons are called Upper Antelope Canyon, or the Crack; and Antelope Canyon, or the Corkscrew.

For more information about Jack Bonner‘s best travel spots, check out this category here.

Jack Bonner: Why Social Entrepreneurship Is Good for Communities?

Jack Bonner has long been an advocate of corporate advocacies. He has firsthand experience as a third-party advocacy expert. He is very aware that more business owners and customers are looking for opportunities to be more charitable and help a cause they care about. Entrepreneurship isn’t about selling things; it’s about finding innovative ways to improve people’s lives. Jack Bonner discovered that until recently, most people in business focused on products and services that would appeal to consumers, and this resulted in the creation of many great companies and a lot of jobs. But attitudes are changing. A new generation of entrepreneurs is using approaches from the commercial world and employing technology to tackle social and environmental problems. These areas used to be the exclusive territory of government agencies and charitable organizations.

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Entrepreneurs with civic and social engagement can solve the social and global challenges we face. Social entrepreneurship can turn passion into profit. Brands like TOMS Shoes and Warby Parker have combined fashion and social good to create a major niche foothold in their industry. TOMS gives away one pair of shoes; Warby Parker gives one pair of glasses to someone in need for every purchase you make. With this initiative, they are making a major impact on easing the lack of glasses and footwear in other countries and sharing those good feelings of charity with their customers. Entrepreneurs today have more freedom and courage to help social causes by building profitable businesses that give back to their communities.

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Another unique aspect of entrepreneurship that is tied to social causes is the financial windfall that can come from getting acquired or having your company meet great success you never thought possible. Because many entrepreneurs are making more money now than many people thought was even possible 50 years ago, there is more to go around when it comes to committing funds to non-profit organizations. This frees up entrepreneurs to spend more money on causes they are passionate about. The higher visibility of social causes through the Internet has inspired these billionaires and other successful entrepreneurs around the world to make a significant impact globally. And you don’t even need to be an entrepreneur to give to a global cause that has ties with entrepreneurship. There are websites that allow anyone to give a micro-loan to a business owner or entrepreneur in a developing country.