Jack Bonner: A Pivot Back to Manned Space Exploration?

Jack Bonner has long been obsessed with space and space explorations. He grew up watching rocket launches on TV and wanted to become an astronaut. Even if his career took a different path, his love for all things related to space remains strong. This is the reason Jack Bonner A2W wants to share news and opinions about space exploration on his blog – he plans to inspire a new generation of intrepid space travelers and scientists.

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Except for the International Space Station, human beings have a very limited presence in space. In recent years, NASA has de-emphasized the role of manned missions to outer space, choosing to focus on unmanned missions instead. However, Jack Bonner and other space enthusiasts believe that there is no substitute for the human brain when it comes to making observations and running tests in space. This is why he is cautiously excited about recent government announcements that suggest a shift back to manned space flight.

One such speech, delivered by Vice President Mike Pence, specifically called for NASA to regain the lead in exploring outer space, starting with resuming manned flights to the moon and laying the groundwork for manned explorations of Mars and other parts of the solar system. Doing so, Vice President Pence said, would restore the United States’ primacy among space-faring nations and will kick off research efforts that could develop technologies to improve the quality of life in space as well as on earth.

These statements might sound inspiring. However, Jack Bonner believes that the government has not yet begun these efforts in earnest. While there has been a push in Congress to force NASA into allocating its funds to manned flights, scientists are alarmed that these efforts might affect other NASA initiatives, such as research on climate change and remote imaging of stars, nebulae, and exoplanets.

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Jack Bonner A2W also believes that nothing is set in stone unless NASA and other agencies put together a concrete timeline for resuming manned space travel. In addition, recent cuts to NASA’s budget have given scientists reason to be skeptical about the possibility of future exploration with humans. For instance, over $350 million was cut from the budget that supported the Orion spacecraft and the International Space Station.

It is possible that, to save money, the government may ask private operators to step in. Elon Musk’s SpaceX, for instance, has already tested and deployed its Falcon 9 rocket, which can be used more than once. The rocket has been proven capable of deploying satellites into orbit, and it’s not far-fetched that they can also be used to ferry humans to space and back to earth. Thus, Jack Bonner still believes that—budget cuts notwithstanding—there is still reason to be optimistic about the return of manned space travel.


Jack Bonner: Exploring from Mars to the Stars

Jack Bonner believes that space exploration is responsible for a host of technological advancements on earth, from the development of new materials to a better understanding of space’s effects on life. Even if humanity is not yet ready to conduct manned expeditions to nearby planets, it is possible for humans to travel beyond the solar system in the distant future. Today, Jack Bonner A2W discusses some of the issues that humanity will encounter in its journey to the stars.

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Space exploration is done for a variety of reasons – to get a better idea of Earth’s place in the cosmos, to determine the effects of space radiation on human health, or to exploit potential space resources for human profit. However, for most fans of space exploration, such as Jack Bonner, all of these efforts are useless if they do not culminate in manned space travel to neighboring planets and beyond.

Contrary to TV shows and comic books that portray outer-space colonies like their counterparts on Earth, human settlements on other planets will look a lot different. For one, to save time and cost, dwellings and buildings on a planet like Mars will probably be constructed from materials that are already available on the planet itself. Martian soil will serve as a natural protection from the type of cosmic radiation that the Red Planet receives. While humans will be able to terraform Mars, it is a process that could take hundreds of years and thousands of advancements in technology.

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Such a colony will also encounter other sorts of problems that would ring a bell to Earth-bound humans. Colonists will debate over the form of government that will rule over Mars, and it is likely that Earth’s most powerful and influential nations would want a share of the Martian pie. Will Mars be able to isolate itself enough from the wars and conflicts on the home planet? Jack Bonner believes that it is not just a possibility, but a necessity – Mars and its people should be given autonomy after a period of “hand-holding” from the United Nations or whatever is in its place centuries from now.

Human beings have also evolved much during their stay on Earth, developing language, philosophy, science, and religion, aside from encountering changes in their exterior appearance. Jack Bonner wonders about the sort of evolution humans are likely to encounter on another planet – their lungs’ oxygen-storage capacity could increase tenfold, and their voice boxes could thicken, thus changing speech patterns and the way people communicate.

While the problems posed by interplanetary travel are daunting, Jack Bonner believes that humanity will find a way to solve them, just like it has solved both scientific and philosophical problems on Earth.


Jack Bonner A2W Space Blog: SpaceX’s Falcon 9 Deploys a Satellite

Jack Bonner is obsessed with space exploration, rockets, and satellites. He has visited Cape Canaveral both as a kid and as an adult, and those visits have fueled his love for space even more. He dreams of a future when humans have successfully colonized space and can move around the solar system with ease. Jack Bonner believes that private sector groups, such as SpaceX, should take the lead in innovating space travel and its applications.

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In a previous blog, Jack Bonner A2W wrote about Elon Musk’s SpaceX and its Falcon 9 rocket. The Falcon 9 is a novel concept in that it recaptures rockets after they have been launched. Unlike previous space programs, where rockets were left to burn up in the atmosphere upon re-entry, Falcon 9 rockets can withstand the intense heat. With the help of more advanced electronics and communication platforms, SpaceX’s scientists are able to land Falcon 9 rockets with a high degree of precision.

The Falcon 9 has long been a subject of speculation. In September 2016, one of SpaceX’s rockets blew up on the launchpad, halting further launches for the next few months. The explosion also destroyed a communications satellite that the rocket was supposed to deploy. However, SpaceX continued improving their rockets’ propulsion technology and kept working on a self-learning computer platform that performed periodic screening on the rocket’s individual components.

In early July, SpaceX was supposed to launch a communications satellite using a Falcon9 rocket. However, the first attempt was halted with nine seconds left on the countdown clock as the company’s computers detected an unrevealed abnormality with the rocket. A second attempt, set to take place the following day, was also aborted, forcing SpaceX to call in all hands in an effort to clear all launch pad and rocket systems.

Image Source: NASA

SpaceX successfully launched a Falcon 9 rocket on July 5th. SpaceX did not encounter any issues; thus, the rocket was able to deploy a communications satellite into orbit. Because the satellite was so heavy, the Falcon 9 was forced to go full throttle to provide enough thrust for the satellite to go into orbit. As a result, SpaceX is unable to recover the rocket.

However, this launch proves that its business and scientific models are feasible. It also proves that commercial operators might be able to launch satellites at a lower cost due to the re-use of Falcon 9 rockets.


Jack Bonner A2W Space Blog: Exploring Mars, From Pathfinder to Curiosity

Jack Bonner has long been a fan of space and space exploration. When he was a little boy, he drew comics about a fictional planet that was colonized by humans. While the prospect of humans setting foot on other planets still seems remote, NASA has managed to send a series of probes to Mars, giving scientists more information about the Red Planet and its potential for human inhabitation. While Jack Bonner thinks a lot of progress has been made in this regard over the past twenty years, there is still much to be learned about Earth’s next-door neighbor.

Image Source: NASA

On the Fourth of July this year, NASA commemorated the 20th anniversary of the first unmanned mission to Mars. Jack Bonner, who had been obsessed with space exploration since he was a kid, was fortunate enough to have witnessed the first touchdown of Pathfinder on the Red Planet. While the mission lasted just over three months, it was a milestone in the annals of space exploration that paved the way for future missions.

It may be argued that NASA’s Mars missions are designed to gather information for a potential manned mission in the future. Because scientists have long speculated that Mars once held liquid water, the two next missions – Curiosity and Spirit – were launched in 2004 and included instruments that found evidence of an ancient Martian environment that featured wet conditions. The humidity and soil composition of Mars, Jack Bonner argues, indicates that it would’ve been possible for life to have existed on the planet in the past.

Image Source: NASA

The latest mission, a rover named Curiosity, was equipped with more advanced instruments, including an analytical tool that used a laser to vaporize space rocks and determine their composition. Curiosity has so far confirmed the findings of its forerunners Curiosity and Spirit – NASA said in a statement that there are mineral and chemical evidence of habitable environments in the past.

The exploration of Mars is also being done from high above its surface. The Mars Odyssey, launched in 2001, orbits the planet and helps scientists identify sites for exploration. It also serves as a communications hub between Earth and NASA’s rovers on Mars. Another satellite, the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, provides high-resolution images of Mars to help NASA identify potential landing sites for future missions, both manned and unmanned.

Jack Bonner A2W and people like him are always looking forward to receiving more news from the Red Planet. While human colonization of Mars is still a long way ahead, the NASA missions are providing proof that it can be done.


Jack Bonner Space Blog: Are Humans Ready to Colonize TRAPPIST-1?

Jack Bonner has been obsessed with space and space travel since he was a little boy. He used to draw comics about a fictional planet within the Milky Way that was colonized by humans in the year 2119. Today, Jack Bonner writes about the newly-discovered TRAPPIST-1 exoplanet system, and how the planets there could be a destination for human explorers in the future.

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It has been firmly established that Earth is not the only planet of its kind in the universe. However, it was previously thought that Earth-like planets are few and far between, with the closest being hundreds to thousands of light-years away. With the discovery of TRAPPIST-1’s planetary system, it now appears that Earth might have similar cousins much closer to home.

NASA had long known that TRAPPIST-1, an ultracool dwarf star just 39 light-years from Earth, had planets orbiting it. Last February, though, they announced that the star actually had seven planets, and that some of these planets are similar to Earth, both in terms of size and amount of energy received from their sun.

What are the implications of this discovery? This could mean that the planets are able to hold liquid water without it evaporating away. With water on the surface, it’s not far-fetched to think that life could develop on those planets, if it hasn’t started developing yet.

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Another implication is the possibility of human exploration and colonization. While 40 light-years are equivalent to almost 1.5 million years’ worth of space-shuttle travel, it’s possible that humans will develop a much faster mode of space travel in the distant future, just in time for them to witness the evolution of life as it starts. TRAPPIST-1 could also be a hospitable destination for human explorers seeking to escape the inevitable death of the sun, which, fortunately, won’t happen until more than five billion years from now.

For more news and updates about space exploration, visit the Jack Bonner at A2W Space Blog.


Jack Bonner Space Blog: SpaceX’s Falcon 9 is for Real

Jack Bonner is a fan of all things related to space and space exploration. He has visited Cape Canaveral several times and each time went home with a deeper understanding of space travel. Today, Jack Bonner writes about the successful relaunch and landing of SpaceX’s Falcon 9 rocket, an event that is likely to have a major impact on the way space travel is being planned and done.

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The entrepreneur extraordinaire-Elon Musk-has pulled a hat trick that will potential fuel a significant in space exploration and travel.

Our big hurdles to further space exploration are just two ones-technology and cost. Bother may about equal significance in chance of significantly our manned robot exploration of space.

Space X is taking a great run at beginning to help with these hurdles-great news for the planet!

Growing up as a kid with a great fascination with spaces and rockets, I knew that space rockets were not meant to be reusable. The first stage contains engines and propellant, while the top stage contains the payload. Because the first stage weighs a lot, it must be discarded to help the top stage get to its destination, and so forth. More often than not, discarded rocket parts go straight into the ocean, which is sadly like buying a brand-new plane, flying it across the sea, and discarding it once it lands.

However, Elon Musk’s Space X has succeeded in relaunching a used rocket, named Falcon 9. And SpaceX’s achievement has some pretty far-reaching effects on the space industry.

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For instance, there are the obvious cost savings. The design and construction of new rockets to be used only once takes billions of dollars, and a reusable rocket will help governments and private clients, such as telecommunications companies, save a lot of money on construction costs. If Elon Musk’s timeline goes according to plan, tomorrow’s rockets could be used between 20 to 30 times, opening up the field to different industry players.

Falcon 9’s proprietary vertical landing capabilities, which had been in testing for the past few years, can also help ferry goods to and from planets like Mars, where the atmosphere is too thin for parachutes. Multiple rockets serving Mars should help humans visit the Red Planet, if not establish a viable colony, in a matter of years.

For more space news and updates, visit the Jack Bonner at A2W Space Blog.


Elon Musk, Space X, and Mars: The Future of Humankind

Jack Bonner knows that anybody who’s interested in space exploration has certainly heard about Elon Musk. Born in South Africa in 1971, Elon Musk became a multimillionaire in his late 20s when he sold his start-up company, Zip2, to a division of Compaq Computers. He achieved further success by founding X.com in 1999, SpaceX in 2002 and Tesla Motors in 2003. Musk made headlines in May 2012 when SpaceX launched a rocket that would send the first commercial vehicle to the International Space Station. Since then, Elon hasn’t stopped his dream of space exploration and its possibilities for humankind. Now, Elon Musk wants to go to Mars. And he wants you to help him get there.

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For years, Mr. Musk has been offering hints and teases of his desire to colonize the big red planet. During a speaking engagement at the International Astronautical Congress, Mr. Musk finally provided engineering details, optimistic timelines, and a video. Elon Musk said that the rockets and spacecraft in the video were pretty much what the public should expect SpaceX to build. He then estimated that it would cost $10 billion to develop the rocket, and he said the first passengers to Mars could take off as soon as 2024 if the plans went off without a hitch. For now, SpaceX is financing development costs of a few tens of millions of dollars a year, but eventually, the company would look to some kind of public-private partnership.

Each of the SpaceX vehicles would take 100 passengers on the journey to Mars, with trips planned every 26 months as Earth and Mars pass close to each other. Tickets per person might cost $500,000 at first, and drop to about a third of that later on, according to Elon Musk himself. To establish a self-sustaining Mars civilization of a million people would take 10,000 flights, with many more to ferry equipment and supplies.Mr. Musk was confident that his company could pull off his vision, but he said he would not be among the first colonists, saying he wants to see his children grow up.

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What do think of Elon Musk’s plan? Scientists have been warning us that our planet can eventually be uninhabitable if we don’t take care of it. Is Mars the next frontier for the human race? As exciting as all this sounds, it still sounds pretty expensive for the common folk. Half a million dollars is too much money for a one-way trip.

Check out more about what Jack Bonner has to say about the Universe here


Jack Bonner: Elon Musk’s Colonize Mars Plan

When you need influential third party support, look no further than Jack Bonner. A2W was founded by Jack to help clients achieve business-to-business, legislative, regulatory, crisis management, and reputation goals through mobilizing new third party advocates.

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Elon Musk has recently unveiled his ambitious yet amazing plan to colonize Mars and further, to save humanity. The modern day Tony Stark—which is surprisingly only the 83rd wealthiest person in the world—has called on investors with deep pockets and interests in space exploration to help him reach this goal. At the 67th annual International Astronautical Congress in Guadalajara, Mexico, the visionary shared his fantasy to build a complete Interplanetary Transport System that will ferry people to and from Mars for a measly $200,000. That’s a huge drop from the $10 billion estimate right now to send a single person to Mars; but if there’s anyone who can make this audacious plan a reality it would be the CEO of Tesla Motors himself.

Currently, Elon Musk’s SpaceX has enjoyed a successful record of sending satellites into orbit. Recently however, around last month, the company had come under fire from no less than Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg himself for destroying the social media company’s satellite. As reported in the news, SpaceX Falcon 9 had been carrying Facebook’s satellite which was imperative to furthering the social media network’s mission to connect millions of people around the world to the Internet. Falcon 9 had an admirable record of two dozen successful blastoffs and a single launch failure.

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As for Elon Musk’s plans for Mars, the engineer himself had said that plans for it could start as early as 2022, a mere six years from now. With an Interplanetary Transport System fully operational, he envisions the human race to become a space-faring civilization and a multi-planetary species as well. To the same crowd in Guadalajara, Mexico, he shared that as many as 100 people could fit SpaceX vehicles, and that the journey to Mars should roughly take about three months. By his estimate, a million people could inhabit Mars by 2060.

Reception for Elon Musk’s Mars colonization plan has mostly been positive, rousing even the most conservative of astronautical experts to fantasize what the future might hold for the human race. While right now it’s still hard to imagine what a self-sufficient city might be like in some place other than Earth, one only need to follow Elon Musk to expand his or her mind.

For more updates by Jack Bonner, or more on A2W, stay tuned to this page. 

Living on Mars as Imagined by Jack Bonner

With the current climate change crisis looming on all our futures, one would be pressed to think about the possibility of living in another planet. One owner of rocket companies says he will selling for the first trip (one way) to Mars starting after 2020 and costing only an estimated $500,000 (price reductions for subsequent flights may drop to the lower end of six figurers)Many scientists believe that in the near future, humans may be able to leave Earth to live on Mars.It may be that humans will ive on Mars before we live on the much nearer Moon. Mars is a completely hostile environment to human life, combining extreme cold with an unbreathable atmosphere and intense radiation. And while it is understood that the planet once had an atmosphere and lots of water, that was billions of years ago and so far no water has been found.

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One of the reasons for wanting to go to Mars is because of the spirit of exploration, setting foot on a new world and exploring the next great frontier, just like the Apollo astronauts did in the late 60s and early 70s. Learning about the astronauts who went to space set fire to people’s imagination. They were inspired to go to Mars and they actually entertained the idea of living there. Be warned, because Mars is located farther from the Sun than Earth, it will be a lot colder there. The average temperature on Mars is -63C. That’s about 120ºF colder than the temperature on Earth. The extra distance will also make the Sun look much smaller in the sky than it does from Earth. But don’t let the smaller-looking Sun and cold temperatures fool you; Mars lacks the protective ozone layer we have in Earth’s atmosphere, so you’re much more likely to be severely sunburned there.

Another reason for wanting to move to Mars is because we want to create a backup location for humanity, in the event that life on Earth becomes untenable due to things like Climate Change. We could also go there to search for additional resources like water, precious metals, or additional croplands in case we can no longer feed ourselves. Before you leave Earth, be sure to pack a lot of soap and cleaning materials. The “Red Planet” gets its nickname for the fine, red dust that covers Mars’ surface. It wouldn’t be so bad if the dust just settled on the ground. The problem is that frequent and intense dust storms big enough to cover the entire planet can throw dust up to 25 miles into the air and last for months at a time.


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In order to survive the lack of air pressure and the cold, humans will need pressurized and heated habitats. Martians, the terrestrial kind, will also need a spacesuit whenever they go outside. Every hour they spend outside will add to their radiation exposure, not to mention all the complications that exposure to radiation brings.

Jack Bonner: If You Can Live in Water, You Can Live in Space

Imagine living in outer space, where soaring above the earth and making your dwelling among the stars is a normal way of life. Research shows that today’s astronauts can actually learn more about life beyond the sky by looking down — specifically, peering into the deep blue sea, according to President Jack Bonner at A2W, who has a pronounced interest in astrophysics in addition to being a leading provider of third-party-advocacy services.

Some astronauts — more accurately called aquanauts — have been spending a lot of time under the sea at the Florida Keys recently. The time they are spending underwater here is helping them to prepare for living in space. This effort is part of the 21st mission of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Extreme Environment Mission Operations, also known as NEEMO (which fittingly may remind you of the popular cartoon fish with the same name, different spelling). The mission, which lasted 16 days, went well and is laying the groundwork for life in outer space.

While on the floor of the sea, 21 astronauts had the chance to pioneer complicated tasks using advanced science and underwater-navigation tools. The tasks were designed to mimic exploration travel on the planet Mars. For every six crew members who descended to their temporary home at the bottom of the ocean, another 12 or so researchers and support staff were working to keep the NEEMO mission going back on land.

In the ocean, astronauts had the opportunity to experience firsthand what it is like to live on the International Space Station. Engineers, scientists, and astronauts conducted experiments in an undersea habitat known as Aquarius and even went on dives that simulated spacewalks.

The benefit of these types of exercises is to give astronauts practice with handling both expected and unexpected scenarios on the red planet. For instance, sometimes equipment fails. In addition, communication can be a challenge, and oftentimes tasks might take more time than initially expected.

One piece of equipment that was tested was the mobiPV, which provides astronauts with personal video and audio instructions during short excursions away from the space station. Astronauts previously tested the mobiPV in other NEEMO missions as well as one time on the International Space Station, and the recent test run will have an impact on a brand new prototype’s design; this new prototype is slated to enter space next year. Another device that has been used under the ocean is the miniPCR, which is a system used to sequence DNA. This device will also make its way to outer space soon.

Being beneath the ocean is a perfect way for astronauts to get a feel for what it is like not only to live in outer space but also what it is like to be so far from the surface of the earth. In fact, one astronaut emphasized that it is easy to feel more like an alien than a human so far underwater. It takes about 16 hours for the underwater travelers to decompress and then return to the earth’s surface, which actually makes their journey home from the seafloor much longer than their journey home from the International Space Station. (The trip home from the space station takes a little more than three hours, and that includes undocking.) The mission is just another step toward potentially making life among the stars a reality for more people in the coming years, according to Jack Bonner.