With the current climate change crisis looming on all our futures, one would be pressed to think about the possibility of living in another planet. One owner of rocket companies says he will selling for the first trip (one way) to Mars starting after 2020 and costing only an estimated $500,000 (price reductions for subsequent flights may drop to the lower end of six figurers)Many scientists believe that in the near future, humans may be able to leave Earth to live on Mars.It may be that humans will ive on Mars before we live on the much nearer Moon. Mars is a completely hostile environment to human life, combining extreme cold with an unbreathable atmosphere and intense radiation. And while it is understood that the planet once had an atmosphere and lots of water, that was billions of years ago and so far no water has been found.
One of the reasons for wanting to go to Mars is because of the spirit of exploration, setting foot on a new world and exploring the next great frontier, just like the Apollo astronauts did in the late 60s and early 70s. Learning about the astronauts who went to space set fire to people’s imagination. They were inspired to go to Mars and they actually entertained the idea of living there. Be warned, because Mars is located farther from the Sun than Earth, it will be a lot colder there. The average temperature on Mars is -63C. That’s about 120ºF colder than the temperature on Earth. The extra distance will also make the Sun look much smaller in the sky than it does from Earth. But don’t let the smaller-looking Sun and cold temperatures fool you; Mars lacks the protective ozone layer we have in Earth’s atmosphere, so you’re much more likely to be severely sunburned there.
Another reason for wanting to move to Mars is because we want to create a backup location for humanity, in the event that life on Earth becomes untenable due to things like Climate Change. We could also go there to search for additional resources like water, precious metals, or additional croplands in case we can no longer feed ourselves. Before you leave Earth, be sure to pack a lot of soap and cleaning materials. The “Red Planet” gets its nickname for the fine, red dust that covers Mars’ surface. It wouldn’t be so bad if the dust just settled on the ground. The problem is that frequent and intense dust storms big enough to cover the entire planet can throw dust up to 25 miles into the air and last for months at a time.
In order to survive the lack of air pressure and the cold, humans will need pressurized and heated habitats. Martians, the terrestrial kind, will also need a spacesuit whenever they go outside. Every hour they spend outside will add to their radiation exposure, not to mention all the complications that exposure to radiation brings.